Facial bones of the Skull • Anatomy & Function


palatine bone highlighted in both inferior and sagittal view of skull
Palatine Bone Anatomy

Palatine Bones are facial bones that are located between the palatine processes of the maxillary bones and the pterygoid processes of the sphenoid bones.

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Maxilla Bone Anatomy

The two maxilla or maxillary bones (maxillae, plural) form the upper jaw (L., mala, jaw). Each maxilla has four processes (frontal, zygomatic, alveolar, and palatine)

Nasal, Vomer, and Inferior Turbinate (Concha) Bones Overview Featured Image
Nasal, Vomer, and Inferior Turbinate (Concha) Bones Anatomy

Compared to the maxilla and mandible, the other facial bones are relatively small and have few distinctive markings.

Hyoid bone overview featured image
Hyoid Bone Anatomy

The hyoid bone is a small, U-shaped bone that is located between the mandible and larynx and anterior to the third cervical vertebra

Mandible bone - Overview - Featured Image
Mandible Bone Anatomy

The mandible is the facial bone that forms the lower jaw and contains the lower teeth.

Zygomatic Bone - Overview - featured image
Zygomatic Bone Anatomy

The zygomatic bones are two facial bones that form the cheeks and the lateral walls of the orbits.

paranasal sinuses - featured image
Paranasal Sinuses

The paranasal sinuses are cavities of various sizes that function to secrete mucous into the nasal cavity, lighten the skull, and resonate the voice.

Lacrimal bone
Lacrimal Bone Anatomy

The lacrimal bone is a small facial bone that forms a portion of the anterior medial wall of the orbit. The lacrimal fossa is a depression along the junction of lacrimal bone that holds the lacrimal sac. The orbital plate forms a portion of the medial wall of the orbit posterior to lacrimal fossa.